Vanilla is used as a spice, is the actual fruit (Fructus vanillae) climbing plant, belonging to the genus of orchids. Mexico is the birthplace of vanilla. The Aztecs vanilla spice served as a valuable long before the conquest of their territory by the Spaniards. They paid tribute to the vanilla and the Spaniards, who brought it to Europe.
Vanilla has a green or dark green, oval, lanceolate leaves. The flowers are beautiful, yellow-green, racemose. Flowers revealed only in the afternoon. Fruit – slender, elongated boxes 0,16-0,30 m long, cylindrical, tupotrehgrannye, 7-10 mm wide, tapering at the ends.
Large plantations of vanilla, except Mexico, are available in Florida in the U.S., Brazil, Pragvae on Java, Reunion, Mauritius, Ceylon, Tahiti, Malagasy Republic and in West Africa. Fruits are disrupted shortly before ripening and subjected to fermentation. This process takes several weeks. At the time he acquired a well-known strong fruit aroma, sweet and dark, black and brown.
The chemical composition.
In fruit vanilla is 1-3% vanilozida, piperonal and other fragrances. When fermentation vanilozid split into vanillin and vaniol. Vaniol, in turn, is oxidized to vanillin.
Vanilla essential oil is used as a typical aromatic.
Vanilla taste sweet, spicy and bitter. It still emphasizes the powdered sugar. Are commercially available, “vanilla” synthetically derived from vanillin, which is present in an amount of vanilla contains 2.5-4.5%. If the dish is cooked with vanilla or it is used for cooking, for example, liquor, then add a slice of a few centimeters, which is before feeding food or drink is taken out. For use in a test or other sweets struchek cut and pulp from seeds placed in a glass jar with powdered sugar. Obtained in this way the vanilla sugar. In Anil is very popular: it is, practically, the most subtle spice that is used for making cakes, Christmas cookies, fruit compotes, dairy foods, cream, sweet yogurt, cottage cheese, cream cake and candy. It also is used for the manufacture of beverages and liqueurs in the food industry.