Black pepper is the best known and most frequently used spices. Homeland him – India. It is described more in Sanskrit.
Black pepper is a climbing shrub reaching a height of 15 m. The leaves have a length of 80-100 mm, reaching even the size of his hands. After flowering grow round fruit (Fructus piped nigri), at first green, then they get a yellow or red. The length of 80-140 mm ears, they contain 20-30 kostyanok.
Black pepper is grown in Sri Lanka, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Brazil. Plant growth is limited height of 5 m. It grows on high bars, similar to drunkenness. Begins to bear fruit after three years. Landings can be used for 15-20 years. Harvest is when the fruits begin to take on the color red, and dried in the sun. In the process of drying fruit turn black. White pepper is produced from fully ripe fruit, which are collected only when their color is yellow-red or red and they easily fall off. After drying, turn brown. After removing the outer shell are white pepper, which has more delicate taste and strong aroma of noble and valued more. If the harvest is in a period when the fruits are green, you get the green pepper. Its use is gradually increasing. However, its production requires special handling. Good spice should be not only acute but also fragrant, which is especially highlighted in green peppers.
The chemical composition.
The severity of pepper depends on piperine. In addition, it contains pirolin, havitsin, sugars, enzymes, essential oils and starch. It should be borne in mind that the essential oils evaporate under improper storage.
Black pepper helps digestion. The Romans used it in large quantities. But this can not be recommended. However, in the quantities in which it is used in our kitchen, this is not a health hazard. Application. Pepper is used for soups, gravies, sauces, vegetable salads, marinades, and cooking all kinds of meat, including game, savoy cabbage, beans, peas, lentils, sauerkraut, goulash, egg, cheese, tomatoes, fish, canned vegetables and for a large number of other dishes that are prepared in our kitchen. Without the black pepper does not do home slaughter pigs, making sausages and a range of meat products.